June 15, 1995

In the following, "BITNET" is used generically to refer to BITNET
plus similar networks around the world (e.g., EARN, NETNORTH, GULFNET, etc.).



Col. 1 (Entities with international BITNET links.)
b: minimal, one to five domestic BITNET sites, 26 entities
B: widespread, more than five domestic BITNET sites, 21 entities
Col. 2 (Entities with international IP Internet links.)
I: = operational, accessible from entire open IP Internet, 96 entities
Col. 3 (Entities with domestic UUCP sites which are connected
to the global Multiprotocol Open Internet.)
u: minimal, one to five domestic UUCP sites, 61 entities
U: widespread, more than five domestic UUCP sites, 83 entities
Col. 4 (Entities with domestic FIDONET sites which are connected
to the global Multiprotocol Open Internet)
f: minimal, one to five domestic FIDONET sites, 31 entities
F: widespread, more than five domestic FIDONET sites, 68 entities

An Entity
is a geographical area that has an ISO two letter country code (ISO 3166).
These country codes are included in the Table below for each entity .
Note that the ISO codes do not always agree with the top level DNS (Domain Name) code(s) used for a particular entity.
For example:
Internet hosts in a number of countries have DNS names ending in .net.
In the United Kingdom, .uk is used while the official ISO code is .gb.
There are still some hosts in the former Soviet Union
that use .su in their DNS names.
Haiti's u entry is based on a ccmail email link.
Restricted access or dial-up IP links exist in a number of countries.
These are not included in the table as Internet connections.
There are also a number of private Fidonet nodes that are used for
specific projects or by designated groups.
These are also not included.

---- AFAfghanistan (Islamic Republic of)
---- ALAlbania (Republic of)
-I-- DZAlgeria (People's Democratic Republic of)
---- ASAmerican Samoa
---- ADAndorra (Principality of)
---f AOAngola (People's Republic of)
--u- AIAnguilla
-I-- AQAntarctica
-Iu- AGAntigua and Barbuda
BIUF ARArgentina (Argentine Republic)
-IU- AMArmenia
---f AWAruba
-IUF AUAustralia
BIUF ATAustria (Republic of)
b-U- AZAzerbaijan
--u- BSBahamas (Commonwealth of the)
b--- BHBahrain (State of)
--U- BDBangladesh (People's Republic of)
-Iu- BBBarbados
bIUF BYBelarus
bIUF BEBelgium (Kingdom of)
--U- BZBelize
---- BJBenin (People's Republic of)
-IUf BMBermuda
---- BTBhutan (Kingdom of)
--UF BOBolivia (Republic of)
--u- BABosnia-Herzegovina
--uf BWBotswana (Republic of)
---- BVBouvet Island
BIUF BRBrazil (Federative Republic of)
---- IOBritish Indian Ocean Territory
---- BNBrunei Darussalam
bIUF BGBulgaria (Republic of)
--U- BFBurkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta)
---- BIBurundi (Republic of)
---- KHCambodia
--Uf CMCameroon (Republic of)
---- CVCape Verde (Republic of)
---- KYCayman Islands
---- CFCentral African Republic
---- TDChad (Republic of)
BIUF CLChile (Republic of)
-IuF CNChina (People's Republic of)
---- CXChristmas Island (Indian Ocean)
---- CCCocos (Keeling) Islands
bIu- COColombia (Republic of)
---- KMComoros (Islamic Federal Republic of the)
--U- CGCongo (Republic of the)
--u- CKCook Islands
-Iuf CRCosta Rica (Republic of)
--Uf CICote d'Ivoire (Republic of)
bIuF HRCroatia
--U- CUCuba (Republic of)
bI-f CYCyprus (Republic of)
bIUF CZCzech Republic
-IUF DKDenmark (Kingdom of)
---- DJDjibouti (Republic of)
---- DMDominica (Commonwealth of)
-IUf DODominican Republic
---- TPEast Timor
-Iu- ECEcuador (Republic of)
bIU- EGEgypt (Arab Republic of)
--u- SVEl Salvador (Republic of)
---- GQEquatorial Guinea (Republic of)
---f EREritrea
-IUF EEEstonia (Republic of)
---f ETEthiopia (People's Democratic Republic of)
---- FKFalkland Islands (Malvinas)
-Iu- FOFaroe Islands
-Iu- FJFiji (Republic of)
BIUF FIFinland (Republic of)
bIUF FRFrance (French Republic)
--u- GFFrench Guiana
--u- PFFrench Polynesia
---- TFFrench Southern Territories
---- GAGabon (Gabonese Republic)
---f GMGambia (Republic of the)
--UF GEGeorgia (Republic of)
BIUF DEGermany (Federal Republic of)
--UF GHGhana (Republic of )
---- GIGibraltar
bIUF GRGreece (Hellenic Republic)
-I-- GLGreenland
--u- GDGrenada
--uf GPGuadeloupe (French Department of)
-I-F GUGuam
--uf GTGuatemala (Republic of)
--u- GNGuinea (Republic of)
---- GWGuinea-Bissau (Republic of)
--u- GYGuyana (Republic of)
--u- HTHaiti (Republic of)
---- HMHeard and McDonald Islands
-I-- HNHonduras (Republic of)
BI-F HKHong Kong
BIUF HUHungary (Republic of)
-IUF ISIceland (Republic of)
bIUF INIndia (Republic of)
-IUF IDIndonesia (Republic of)
bI-- IRIran (Islamic Republic of)
---- IQIraq (Republic of)
bIUF IEIreland
BIUF ILIsrael (State of)
BIUF ITItaly (Italian Republic)
-Iu- JMJamaica
---f JOJordan (Hashemite Kingdom of)
-IUF KZKazakhstan
--UF KEKenya (Republic of)
--u- KIKiribati (Republic of)
---- KPKorea (Democratic People's Republic of)
BIUF KRKorea (Republic of )
-I-- KWKuwait (State of)
--U- KGKyrgyz Republic
---- LALao People's Democratic Republic
-IUF LVLatvia (Republic of)
--U- LBLebanon (Lebanese Republic)
--u- LSLesotho (Kingdom of)
---- LRLiberia (Republic of)
---- LYLibyan Arab Jamahiriya
-I-F LILiechtenstein (Principality of)
-IUF LTLithuania
bIUF LULuxembourg (Grand Duchy of)
-I-- MOMacau (Ao-me'n)
-Iu- MKMacedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of)
--U- MGMadagascar (Democratic Republic of)
---f MWMalawi (Republic of)
bIUF MYMalaysia
---- MVMaldives (Republic of)
--U- MLMali (Republic of)
--uF MTMalta (Republic of)
--u- MHMarshall Islands (Republic of the)
---- MQMartinique (French Department of)
---- MRMauritania (Islamic Republic of)
--uf MUMauritius
---- YTMayotte
bIuF MXMexico (United Mexican States)
---- FMMicronesia (Federated States of)
-IuF MDMoldova (Republic of)
-I-- MCMonaco (Principality of)
--u- MNMongolia
---- MSMontserrat
--Uf MAMorocco (Kingdom of)
-IUf MZMozambique (People's Republic of)
---- MMMyanmar (Union of)
--U- NANamibia (Republic of)
--u- NRNauru (Republic of)
--u- NPNepal (Kingdom of)
bIUF NLNetherlands (Kingdom of the)
--u- ANNetherlands Antilles
---- NTNeutral Zone (between Saudi Arabia and Iraq)
--U- NCNew Caledonia
-IUF NZNew Zealand
-Iu- NINicaragua (Republic of)
--U- NENiger (Republic of the)
--Uf NGNigeria (Federal Republic of)
--u- NUNiue
---- NFNorfolk Island
---- MPNorthern Mariana Islands (Commonwealth of the)
bIUF NONorway (Kingdom of)
---- OMOman (Sultanate of)
--U- PKPakistan (Islamic Republic of)
---- PWPalau (Republic of)
-IuF PAPanama (Republic of)
--u- PGPapua New Guinea
--u- PYParaguay (Republic of)
-IUf PEPeru (Republic of)
-IuF PHPhilippines (Republic of the)
---- PNPitcairn
BIUF PLPoland (Republic of)
bIUF PTPortugal (Portuguese Republic)
bIUF PRPuerto Rico
---- QAQatar (State of)
-Iu- RERe'union (French Department of)
bIuF RORomania
bIUF RURussian Federation
---- RWRwanda (Rwandese Republic)
---- SHSaint Helena
---- KNSaint Kitts and Nevis
--u- LCSaint Lucia
---- PMSaint Pierre and Miquelon (French Department of)
--u- VCSaint Vincent and the renadines
--u- WSSamoa (Independent State of)
---- SMSan Marino (Republic of)
---- STSao Tome and Principe (Democratic Republic of)
B--- SASaudi Arabia (Kingdom of)
--Uf SNSenegal (Republic of)
--u- SCSeychelles (Republic of)
---f SLSierra Leone (Republic of)
bIuF SGSingapore (Republic of)
-IUF SKSlovakia
-IUF SISlovenia
--u- SBSolomon Islands
---- SOSomalia (Somali Democratic Republic)
-IUF ZASouth Africa (Republic of)
BIUF ESSpain (Kingdom of)
-IU- LKSri Lanka (Democratic Socialist Republic of)
---- SDSudan (Democratic Republic of the)
--u- SRSuriname (Republic of)
-I-- SJSvalbard and Jan Mayen Islands
--u- SZSwaziland (Kingdom of)
BIUF SESweden (Kingdom of)
BIUF CHSwitzerland (Swiss Confederation)
---- SYSyria (Syrian Arab Republic)
BIuF TWTaiwan, Province of China
--uf TJTajikistan
---f TZTanzania (United Republic of)
-IUF THThailand (Kingdom of)
--u- TGTogo (Togolese Republic)
---- TKTokelau
--u- TOTonga (Kingdom of)
--U- TTTrinidad and Tobago (Republic of)
-IUf TNTunisia
BI-F TRTurkey (Republic of)
--u- TMTurkmenistan
---- TCTurks and Caicos Islands
--u- TVTuvalu
---f UGUganda (Republic of)
-IUF UAUkraine
-I-- AEUnited Arab Emirates
bIUF BUnited Kingdom (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
BIUF USUnited States (United States of America)
---- UMUnited States Minor Outlying Islands
-IUF UYUruguay (Eastern Republic of)
-IUF UZUzbekistan
--u- VUVanuatu (Republic of, formerly New Hebrides)
---- VAVatican City State (Holy See)
-IUF VEVenezuela (Republic of)
--U- VNVietnam (Socialist Republic of)
---- VGVirgin Islands (British)
-I-f VIVirgin Islands (U.S.)
---- WFWallis and Futuna Islands
---- EHWestern Sahara
---- YEYemen (Republic of)
--uf YUYugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of)
---- ZRZaire (Republic of)
-I-f ZMZambia (Republic of)
-Iuf ZWZimbabwe (Republic of)

Please send corrections,
information and/or comments to:
Larry Landweber
Computer Sciences Dept.
University of Wisconsin -
Madison1210 W. Dayton St.
Madison, WI 53706
FAX 1-608-265-2635
Include details, e.g.,
on connections, sites, contacts,

Thanks to the many people from around the world Who Have Provided
information. This version (postscript, ditroff, text forms, maps in
postscript) and earlier versions may also be obtained by anonymous
ftp from in the connectivity_table directory.

Copyright ©1995 Lawrence H. Landweber
and the Internet Society.
Unlimited permission to copy or use
is hereby granted subject to inclusion
of this copyright notice.
Adapted to HTML format by
James Reid